Here are some DNA data and ideas about how to celebrate National DNA Day. It’s time to celebrate a significant scientific breakthrough since April 25 is National DNA Day.
According to the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), the occasion commemorates two events: the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA on April 25, 1953, and the completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003.
According to National Day Calendar, the completion of the mapping of the human genome transformed science. And the event is an excellent opportunity for people from all walks of life to learn more about DNA, genetics, and genomics.
“The purpose of National DNA Day is to provide students, teachers, and the general public with an opportunity to learn about and celebrate the most recent advances in genomic research, as well as to consider how those advances can impact their lives,” according to the NHGRI.
There are many ways for people to participate in today’s gathering. One of them is to learn more about the topic, whether through books and articles or by watching videos about it. NHGRI, in particular, offers “visually beautiful” and easy-to-understand instructional images.
There are also fun things that people can do in time for the occasion. One can, for example, learn how to extract DNA from fresh or frozen strawberries at home. National Day Calendar also suggests watching documentaries on the subject. What counts is that people are learning more, regardless of how they want to celebrate the occasion. But, before we get started on today’s events, let’s look at some interesting DNA facts given by National Geographic, NHGRI, Ancestry, and the National Institute of General Medical Sciences.
- DNA is found within the nucleus of the body’s cells, each of which contains numerous DNA molecules. Since cells are thin, DNA is tightly packed into a structure known as a chromosome.
- The human genome contains three billion bases, 99 percent of which are identical in each person. Only the rest explains variations between individuals, such as skin tone and eye color.
- While DNA appears to be very thin, when unpacked, the DNA from each cell will be approximately six feet long if uncoiled and placed end to end. If you did this to all of the DNA, you’d end up with a 110-billion-mile-long DNA strand. That equates to approximately 110,000 trips to the moon or hundreds of round trips to the sun.
- When species reproduce, they receive half of their DNA from their fathers and the other half from their mothers. However, since only egg cells maintain the mitochondria during fertilization, all mitochondrial DNA comes from mothers.
- DNA, whether acquired or hereditary, may also be subjected to mutations. While some of these mutations can cause health issues, the cells will frequently correct the genetic mutation.